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HUDSON Joanne, PERYSINAKI Aliki-Myrto

Learning from Increments : Towards a Sustainable Design Strategy for Housing

Septembre 2016

HUDSON Joanne, PERYSINAKI Aliki-Myrto, ’’Learning from Increments : Towards a Sustainable Design Strategy for Housing’’, Government and Housing in a time of crisis. Policy, Planning, Design and Delivery, Liverpool, 8-9 September 2016.

Abstract : Incremental housing refers to flexible housing prototypes or ‘core’ housing, designed to grow over time. As a response to changing family structures and economies, incremental housing is a user led, adaptable mechanism that allows occupiers the freedom to enlarge the size and ameliorate the quality of housing in response to the demographic and economic changes of the households’ composition. The originality of this housing typology lies in the process rather than the final outcome. Incremental housing has been adopted in developing areas as a mechanism to deal with poverty and empowerment and to increase social capital (Breimer and Napier, 2013 ; Pasel, 2014 ; Wakely, 2014). However, far from being a regional phenomenon, incremental construction transcends political boundaries and involves different cultures and societies, as well as economic and political systems (Greene and Rojas, 2008 ; Wakely and Riley, 2011 ; Hamid and Mohamed Elhassan, 2014). In view of the growing interest in incremental housing as a proactive strategy to meet housing demand (Goethert, 2010 ; Global University Consortium, 2010 ; Aravena and Iacobelli, 2013 ; Cruz, 2013), this paper begins with a critical synthesis of previous incremental housing examples, from the 1980s to the present day, drawn from a variety of urban contexts. Illustrating the process(es) that led to their effective implementation, this paper questions how incremental practices can be used as a method to provide urban housing, encourage typological innovation, rethink the relationship between building and land provision and support appropriate city growth. In the current context of evolving policy frameworks regarding the provision of affordable housing in the UK (Heywood, 2016 ; Homes and Communities Agency, 2014) by drawing upon MArch studio projects from Liverpool John Moores University, this paper will open up debate concerning the potential of incremental housing as a sustainable design strategy, in dealing with the growing ‘housing crisis.’

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